Results by Title
Chicago's War on Syphilis, 1937-40: The Times, the "Trib," and the Clap Doctor
University of Illinois Press, 1995
Library of Congress RA644.V4P65 1995 | Dewey Decimal 362.196951300977
"An eye for colorful vignettes and anecdotes. On target! She recognizes
the importance of her subject." -- Thomas N. Bonner, author of To
the Ends of the Earth: Women's Search for Education in Medicine
Those struggling to deal with the AIDS epidemic might learn valuable
lessons from the earlier struggle of the U.S. to deal with syphilis. Here,
Suzanne Poirier tells the story of the Chicago Syphilis Control Program
launched in 1937 by the Chicago Board of Health and the U.S. Public Health
Service and severely limited from the start because of the refusal of
government, the press, and the public to confront directly the issues
underlying the problem.
Poirier's narrative is memorable for its vivid scenes, colorful characters
that include Chicago's "clap doctor," Dr. Ben Reitman, and its
account of the heated debate that surrounded the effort. In an epilogue,
the author discusses similarities between current efforts against AIDS
and the handling and politics of the syphilis problem in the late 1930s.
Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
University of Chicago Press, 1981
Library of Congress Q175.5.F5913 | Dewey Decimal 507.2
Originally published in German in 1935, this monograph anticipated solutions to problems of scientific progress, the truth of scientific fact and the role of error in science now associated with the work of Thomas Kuhn and others. Arguing that every scientific concept and theory—including his own—is culturally conditioned, Fleck was appreciably ahead of his time. And as Kuhn observes in his foreword, "Though much has occurred since its publication, it remains a brilliant and largely unexploited resource."
"To many scientists just as to many historians and philosophers of science facts are things that simply are the case: they are discovered through properly passive observation of natural reality. To such views Fleck replies that facts are invented, not discovered. Moreover, the appearance of scientific facts as discovered things is itself a social construction, a made thing. A work of transparent brilliance, one of the most significant contributions toward a thoroughly sociological account of scientific knowledge."—Steven Shapin, Science
Syphilis: Medicine, Metaphor, and Religious Conflict in Early Modern France
Deborah N. Losse
The Ohio State University Press, 2015
Library of Congress RC201.6.F8L66 2015 | Dewey Decimal 616.95130094409
In Syphilis: Medicine, Metaphor, and Religious Conflict in Early Modern France, Deborah Losse examines how images of syphilis became central to Renaissance writing and reflected more than just the rapid spread of this new and poorly understood disease. Losse argues that early modern writers also connected syphilis with the wars of religion in sixteenth-century France. These writers, from reform-minded humanists to Protestant poets and Catholic polemicists, entered the debate from all sides by appropriating the disease as a metaphor for weakening French social institutions. Catholics and Protestants alike leveled the charge of paillardise (lechery) at one another. Losse demonstrates how they adopted the language of disease to attack each other’s politics, connecting diseased bodies with diseased doctrine.
Losse provides close readings of a range of genres, moving between polemical poetry, satirical narratives, dialogical colloquies, travel literature, and the personal essay. With chapters featuring Erasmus, Rabelais, Montaigne, Léry, and Agrippa d’Aubigné, this study compares literary descriptions of syphilis with medical descriptions. In the first full-length study of Renaissance writers’ engagement with syphilis, Deborah Losse charts a history from the most vehement rhetoric of the pox to a tenuous resolution of France’s conflicts, when both sides called for a return to order.