Table of Contents
List of Figures
List of Diagrams
Figure 1: Ebstorf mappa mundi, thirteenth century (Wikimedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ebstorfer-stich2.jpg).
Figure 2: A Nightclub Map of Harlem, drawn by Elmer Simms Campbell in 1932 (Washington, Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division, 20540-4650 USA dcu).
Figure 3: Second state of the map of Leyden, besieged by the Spanish army in 1574 (Amsterdam, Allard Pierson, OTM: HB-KZL O.K. 199).
Djoeke van Netten
Figure 4: Joan Blaeu’s wall map of the world, published in 1648. This figure and all other details in this chapter are provided by courtesy of the National Maritime Museum, Amsterdam [inv.nr. S.0864]. Photographer: Bart Lahr.
Figure 5: Detail: the North Sea and the surrounding lands. How the Netherlands extend into the sea.
Figure 6: Detail: the inland of South America. Enslaved Africans at work and barbarous ‘Indians’.
Figure 7: Detail: the Copernican heliocentric system on top of the world.
Figure 8: Detail: the dedication to Bracamonte and the geocentric systems of Ptolemy and Tycho attached to the old world.
Figure 10: Baptista van Doetecum’s map showing Willem Barentz’s three sailing trips to the Arctic (Amsterdam: Cornelis Claesz, 1598) (Amsterdam, Allard Pierson, OTM: HB-KZL O.K. 129).
Figure 11: The bird’s-eye view of the besieged city of Ypres by Guillaume du Tielt, about 1610 (Ypres, Yper Museum, cat. SM 3185).
Figure 12: The image of Our Lady of the Tuine with the chronogram and the cartouche with the bishop’s crosier and two crossed lances (Ypres, Yper Museum, cat. SM 3185 – Bram Vannieuwenhuyze).
Figure 13: The letters of the legend highlighted in red on the map (Ypres, Yper Museum, cat. SM 3185 – Bram Vannieuwenhuyze).
Figure 14: Copper engraving entitled Flandria Borealis (Amsterdam Rijksmuseum, RP-P-OB-78.784-308).
Figure 15: Title page of the Belägerung von Ostende, an anonymous German journal of the siege of Ostend until January 1604 (Amsterdam, Allard Pierson, OTM: OF 63-992 (3)).
Figure 16: Abraham Hogenberg’s earlier bird’s-eye view of Sluis, with the first episodes of the siege in May 1604 (Leiden University Libraries, Special Collections, COLLBN Port 37 N 72).
Figure 17: Floris Balthasarsz van Berckenrode’s news map of Maurits’ Flemish Campaign, August 1604 (Amsterdam Rijksmuseum, RP-P-OB-80.656).
The Transition from Harness to Nazi Propaganda
Figure 18: The first flow map ever made. Map IV ‘Shewing the relative number of passengers in different directions’, in: Henry Drury Harness, Atlas to accompany 2d report of the Railway Commissioners Ireland 1838 (1838). Published with the permission of t
Diagram 1: A graph showing the percentage of commercial atlases published between 1837 and 1939 that contain flow maps. Source: Atlas collection at the Library of Congress.
Figure 19: The South Atlantic Ocean segment of the ‘Chart of the world’ by Heinrich Berghaus, published by Perthes Publishing (1879). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 20: ‘The Commercial Highways of the World’, in: J.G. Bartholomew, Atlas of the World’s Commerce (London: G. Newnes, 1907). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 21: ‘Means of Transport and Communication’ in George Philip, Putnam’s Economic Atlas (London: G. Philip, 1925). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 22: ‘Gerste’, in: Walther Schmidt and Georg Heise, Welthandels-atlas: Produktion, Handel Und Konsum Der Wichtigsten Welthandelsgüter (Berlin: Columbus-Verlag, 1927). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 23: Three Types of Flow Maps Published in John P. Goode, Goode’s School Atlas (New York: Rand McNally, 1923). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 24: ‘The Races of the Modern Times’, published in: Bernhard Kumsteller, Werden und Wachsen, (Braunschweig: Westermann, 1938). Published with the permission of the Library of Congress.
Figure 25: Nagakubo Sekisui 長久保赤水, Daishinkoku dōtei zu (‘Road map of the Great Qing’), from Tōdo rekidai shūgun enkaku zu 唐土歴代州郡沿革図 (‘Historical Atlas of China’), 1789, colour woodblock print, National Diet Library, Tokyo.
Figure 26: Hiyama Tansai 檜山坦斎, Jinmu Tennō tōkyoku zu 神武天皇登極圖 (‘Map of Emperor Jingu’s Accession’), from Honchō kokugun kenchi enkaku zusetsu 本朝国郡建置沿革図説 (‘Historical Atlas of Provinces of Our Realm’), 1823, colour woodblock-print, 58 by 56.5 cm, Leiden Un
Figure 27: Hiyama Tansai 檜山坦斎, Map of Empress Jingu’s Routes from Honchō kokugun kenchi enkaku zusetsu 本朝国郡建置沿革図説 (‘Historical Atlas of Provinces of Our Realm’), 1823, colour woodblock-print, 58 by 56.5 cm, Leiden University Library.
Figure 28: Tsumaki Chūta 妻木忠太, Chōsen hantō no fukuzoku to bunbutsu no denrai 朝鮮半島の服属と文物の傳来 (‘The Subjugation of the Korean Peninsula and the Transmission of Writings’), from Saishin Nihon rekishi kaisetsu 最新日本歴史解釈 (‘Japanese History Explained According t
Figure 29: Tsumaki Chūta 妻木忠太, Jinmu Tennō no sōgyō 神武天皇の創業 (‘Emperor Jinmu’s Founding’), from Saishin Nihon rekishi kaisetsu 最新日本歴史解釈 (‘Japanese History Explained According to the Latest Sources’), 1917, colour copperplate print, available from http://wh
Figure 30: Author Unknown, Emperor Jinmu and Map of Japan, 1920, collotype, colour lithograph, ink and metallic pigment on card stock, 13.8 by 8.8 cm, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, available from https://www.mfa.org/collections/object/emperor-jinmu-and-map
Figure 31: Nishioka Toranosuke 西岡虎之助 and Hattori Shisō 服部之総, Dai Nihon rekishi chizu 大日本歴史地図 (‘Historical Maps of Japan’), 1956, Leiden University Library.
Figure 32: Detail of the Noord-Brabant provincial map in the 1921 edition of the Bosatlas with a caption about the breaching of the Meuse dykes [size 4x7cm] (Noordhoff).
Figures 33a to 33e: Detail of the administrative map of Europe, as shown on consecutive editions of the Bosatlas a: 1919; b: 1921; c: 1922; d: 1923; e: 1924 (Noordhoff).
Figure 34: Detail from the world map on colonies and traffic from the 1899 fourteenth edition of the Bosatlas (Noordhoff).
Figures 35a and 35b: Part of South America in the 1877 (above) and 1936 (below) editions of the Bosatlas (Noordhoff). The lines linking Pacific ports on the right are telegraph lines, constructed by American or British companies.
Figure 36: Detail of the map of the Habsburg Empire from the 1912 edition of the Bosatlas [11x15cm] (Noordhoff).
Figure 37: Detail of Drenthe province in the 1897 edition of the Bosatlas (Noordhoff).
Figure 38: Rotterdam Port as rendered in the nineteenth edition of the Bosatlas, published in 1910 (Noordhoff).
Figure 39: Detail of the Rotterdam port map from the 37th edition of the Bosatlas, published in 1947 (Noordhoff).
Figure 40: A word cloud of the definition of ‘deep map’ (image by author).
Figure 41: Muncietown, Laid out in the Year 1826 by Act of Legislature (Anonymous, 1826). The map is available online at http://libx.bsu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/HistMaps/id/183/rec/76.
Figure 42: O.H. Bailey, Bird’s-Eye View of Muncie, Ind. (Cincinnati, Strobridge Lithographing Company, 1872). The map is available online at http://libx.bsu.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/HistMaps/id/351.
Figure 43: Muncie, Indiana, Sanborn Map, Sheet 9 (New York: Sanborn Perris Map Company, 1896). The map is available online at http://libx.bsu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/SanbrnMps/id/141/rec/43.
Figure 44: Screenshot of the Lost Muncie Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/groups/158496695087/).
Figure 45: Finding Lost Muncie: Screenshots of map tour entry (image by author).
Figure 46: Finding Lost Muncie: Screenshot of Story Map Shortlist (image by author).
Figure 47: Julius Hilgard’s centrographic map in the 1874 Statistical Atlas of the United States used the mean center of population to describe the westward advance of the country’s population near the northern 39th Parallel (Public Domain).
Figure 48: The Carte Figurative des pertes successives en hommes de l’Armée Française dans la campagne de Russie 1812-1813, showing the successive losses of French soldiers during the Russian Campaign in 1812-1813 (Wikimedia Commons, see https://commons.w
Figure 49: Souvenir weather map for the evening of 27 May 1896, distributed by the US Weather Bureau, to publicize its successful forecast that morning of an outbreak of ‘tornadoes and violent local storms,’ marked with red crosses. Faint patches of red s