cover of book

Households on the Mimbres Horizon: Excavations at La Gila Encantada, Southwestern New Mexico
by Barbara J. Roth
University of Arizona Press, 2023
eISBN: 978-0-8165-4855-2 | Paper: 978-0-8165-4854-5
Library of Congress Classification E99.M76
Dewey Decimal Classification 978.901

Pithouse sites represent the basic form of occupation in the Mimbres Mogollon region of southwestern New Mexico from AD 200 to the late 900s. This study presents the results of excavations of one such site, called La Gila Encantada.

Little is known about the variability present at pithouse sites away from the major Mimbres and Gila River Valleys. Nonriverine occupations have been understudied until now. This book describes subsistence and settlement practices and compares the results with recent research conducted at the larger villages in the Mimbres River Valley. Despite basic similarities in material culture, households at La Gila Encantada appear to have followed different trajectories than those along the rivers. Examining these differences, archaeologist Barbara J. Roth provides insights into some of the reasons why they existed and shows that the variability present in pithouse occupations over the years was tied to multiple factors, including environmental differences, economic practices, and the social composition of groups occupying the sites. With chapters assessing ceramic data, chipped and groundstone analysis, shell and mineral jewelry, and regional context, this look at the past offers relevant insights into current issues in Southwest archaeology, including identity, interaction, and household organization.

See other books on: Earthworks (Archaeology) | Households | Mimbres culture | New Mexico | Pit houses
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