ABOUT THIS BOOK
Research powers innovation and technoscientific advance, but it is due for a rethink, one consistent with its deeply holistic nature, requiring deeply human nurturing.
Research is a deeply human endeavor that must be nurtured to achieve its full potential. As with tending a garden, care must be taken to organize, plant, feed, and weed—and the manner in which this nurturing is done must be consistent with the nature of what is being nurtured.
In The Genesis of Technoscientific Revolutions, Venkatesh Narayanamurti and Jeffrey Tsao propose a new and holistic system, a rethinking of the nature and nurturing of research. They share lessons from their vast research experience in the physical sciences and engineering, as well as from perspectives drawn from the history and philosophy of science and technology, research policy and management, and the evolutionary biological, complexity, physical, and economic sciences.
Narayanamurti and Tsao argue that research is a recursive, reciprocal process at many levels: between science and technology; between questions and answer finding; and between the consolidation and challenging of conventional wisdom. These fundamental aspects of the nature of research should be reflected in how it is nurtured. To that end, Narayanamurti and Tsao propose aligning organization, funding, and governance with research; embracing a culture of holistic technoscientific exploration; and instructing people with care and accountability.
Essential reading. By integrating the previous work of leading science and technology scholars, creating new terminology, concepts, and logical structures, and including concrete examples, these two eminent leaders make a compelling case for rethinking how we understand and nurture research to advance the public good.
-- Laura Diaz Anadon, Chaired Professor of Climate Change Policy, University of Cambridge
Enlightening and important. Narayanamurti and Tsao demolish long-accepted tenets of science and technology research by exposing flaws, misconceptions, and anachronisms, then propose a visionary new framework. Invaluable for anyone leading a research enterprise, recruiting talent, or devising new funding mechanisms.
-- Nancy Andrews, former Dean of the Duke University School of Medicine
A thought-provoking journey. By transcending widespread but limiting beliefs, The Genesis of Technoscientific Revolutions explores how to better understand research and unleash its potential. Highly recommended for all policy makers and leaders interested in improving the effectiveness of research and developing high-performing research institutions.
-- Qi-Kun Xue, Director of the Beijing Academy of Quantum Information Sciences
Highly accomplished researchers Narayanamurti and Tsao synthesize new and old ideas about how science and technology work together, sharing audacious insights that can improve research outcomes. This book will be a rewarding read for all who want to understand innovation and accelerate it.
-- John P. Holdren, former Science Advisor to President Obama and Senate-confirmed Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
A deep examination of how discoveries and innovations have happened in history, and [it] comes up with a set of methods on nurturing research in public-funded institutions and corporate labs. It is a book that is at once dense and insightful, to be read as much by the shop floor scientist as the CEO, by policymakers as much as university professors.
-- Hari Pulakkat Shaastra
A useful contribution to the study of scientific method and should be of considerable interest to anyone interested in the history and/or the philosophy of science (and technology).
-- The Complete Review
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1. The Technoscientific Method: Science, Technology, and Their Coevolution
1.1. The Repositories of Technoscientific Knowledge: S and T
1.2. The Growth of Technoscientific Knowledge: Ṡ and Ṫ
1.3. Cycles of Ṡ and Ṫ: The Transistor and the Maser / Laser
Chapter 2. The Intricate Dance of Question-and-Answer Finding
2.1. Networks of Questions and Answers: Q and A
2.2. Finding New Questions and Answers: Q̇ and Ȧ
2.3. Cycles of Q̇ and Ȧ: Special Relativity and the iPhone
Chapter 3. The Punctuated Equilibria of Knowledge Evolution: Surprise and Consolidation
3.1. Paradigms as Mediators of Surprise and Consolidation
3.2. Surprise Spawns Consolidation Spawns Surprise
3.3. Cycles of Surprise and Consolidation: Artificial Lighting
Chapter 4. Guiding Principles for Nurturing Research
4.1. Align Organization, Funding, and Governance for Research
4.2. Embrace a Culture of Holistic Technoscientific Exploration
4.3. Nurture People with Care and Accountability