**REVIEWS**In *Statistics on the Table*, statistician and historian of science Stephen M. Stigler collects and revises 22 of his scholarly and often witty essays from the past 25 years reflecting the combination of detective work and statistical thinking that characterize his research.

-- Valerie M. Chase American Scientist

Mainstream statistical topics (e.g. maximum likelihood, degrees of freedom, regression toward the mean) and various statistical writers (particularly Karl Pearson, Jevons, Edgeworth, Galton, Bayes, Gauss and Cauchy) are discussed, as well as some historical curiosities...Any biometrician should find plenty in it to fascinate, enlighten and entertain.

-- D. A. Preece Biometrics

Stigler's useful, readable, and valuable book, with its numerous illuminating illustrations and plentiful insights, is an authoritative and definitive work in the early development of mathematical statistics, and a delightful examination in witty detail of the contributions of Gauss, Laplace, deMoivre, Bayes, Galton, Lexis, James Bernoulli, Quetelet, Edgeworth, and others. With humor and conviction, Stigler describes vividly the events leading to the emergence of statistical concepts and methods.

-- D. V. Chopra Choice

A well-selected collection of 22 essays--some involving major central mathematical ideas, others of a more popular nature--that vividly explore a number of interesting topics about a subject with so many diverse applications.

-- Nestor Osorio Library Journal

[This book's] title comes from a letter written to the London *Times* in 1910 by the statistician Karl Pearson, exhorting critics of one of his studies to set aside mere opinions and put their 'statistics on the table.' Stigler uses this and other stories to relate the history of his subject, describing along the way the idiosyncratic individuals who have brought logic and mathematical rigor to a frequently confusing area of analysis. The reader who is not alarmed by the occasional graph or simple equation will find this a penetrating and entertaining account.

-- Science News

[This is] a lively and controversial history...well captured in the second major book on the history of statistics by Stephen M. Stigler...In reading this collection, I was struck with the amount of scholarship and thought that went into each of the essays and with the liveliness and wit of the author's writing style.

-- Paul S. Levy Perspectives in Biology and Medicine

It is great to have these essays collected in one volume . . . Irony and self-referencing humor abound in this book, making it entertaining; and clear exposition, thorough research, and insightful descriptions of key developments and personalities make it very much worth your time and money.

-- Russell V. Lenth, *American Statistician*

Stephen Stigler's 1986 book *The History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty before 1900* was greeted with enthusiasm by both staticians and historians for its penetrating overview of developments in probabilistically oriented statistics before 1900. This new volume, too, will be of interest to both statisticians and historians
What is the same in this book-or, indeed, even better-is the sparkling and witty style
This book should without question have a place on the bookshelf of every person interested in the history of statistics.

-- Ida H. Stamhuis ISIS

If you have an interest in the history of statistics and also history in relationship to statistics, you will want this book. The standard for scholarship within the statistical community has never been any higher than it is here.

-- Technometrics

**TABLE OF CONTENTS**
Cover

Title Page

Copyright

Dedication

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Part I. Statistics and Social Science

Chapter 1. Karl Pearson and the Cambridge Economists

Chapter 2. The Average Man Is 168 Years Old

Chapter 3. Jevons as Statistician

Chapter 4. Jevons on the King-Davenant Law of Demand

Chapter 5. Francis Ysidro Edgeworth, Statistician

Part II. Galtonian Ideas

Chapter 6. Galton and Identification by Fingerprints

Chapter 7. Stochastic Simulation in the Nineteenth Century

Chapter 8. The History of Statistics in 1933

Chapter 9. Regression toward the Mean

Chapter 10. Statistical Concepts in Psychology

Part III. Some Seventeenth-Century Explorers

Chapter 11. Apollo Mathematicus

Chapter 12. The Dark Ages of Probability

Chapter 13. John Craig and the Probability of History

Part IV. Questions of Discovery

Chapter 14. Stigler’s Law of Eponymy

Chapet 15. Who Discovered Bayes’s Theorem?

Chapter 16. Daniel Bernoulli, Leonhard Euler, and Maximum Likelihood

Chapter 17. Gauss and the Invention of Least Squares

Chapter 18. Cauchy and the Witch of Agnesi

Chapter 19. Karl Pearson and Degrees of Freedom

Part V. Questions of Standards

Chapter 20. Statistics and Standards

Chapter 21. The Trial of the Pyx

Chapter 22. Normative Terminology

References

Credits

Index